The Convention recognised for the first time in international law that the conservation of biological diversity is “a common concern of humankind”. The agreement covers all ecosystems, species, and genetic resources.
The Convention has three main goals:
- conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity)
- sustainable use of its components
- fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.
As of February 2009, 191 countries had ratified the Convention.
The New Zealand National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan expresses New Zealand’s commitment to stem the loss of biodiversity worldwide.
To guide the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity Conservation, a governing body and a number of working groups have been established. Read the summary of these bodies below.